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Turkey Opposes US Arms to Kurds        10/19 10:18

   Turkey wouldn't agree to any U.S. arms transfers to Kurdish fighters who are 
battling Islamic militants in Syria, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan was quoted 
as saying Sunday, as the extremist group fired more mortar rounds near the 
Syrian-Turkish border.

   SURUC, Turkey (AP) -- Turkey wouldn't agree to any U.S. arms transfers to 
Kurdish fighters who are battling Islamic militants in Syria, President Recep 
Tayyip Erdogan was quoted as saying Sunday, as the extremist group fired more 
mortar rounds near the Syrian-Turkish border.

   Turkey views the main Syrian Kurdish group, the PYD --- and its military 
wing which is fighting IS militants --- as an extension of the PKK, which has 
waged a 30-year insurgency in Turkey and is designated a terror group by the 
U.S. and NATO.

   Washington has said recently that it has engaged in intelligence sharing 
with Kurdish fighters and officials have not ruled out future arms transfers to 
the Kurdish fighters.

   "The PYD is for us, equal to the PKK. It is a terror organization," Erdogan 
told a group of reporters on his return from a visit to Afghanistan.

   "It would be wrong for the United States --- with whom we are friends and 
allies in NATO --- to talk openly and to expect us to say 'yes' to such a 
support to a terrorist organization," Erdogan said. His comments were reported 
by the state-run Anadolu agency on Sunday.

   Turkey's opposition to arms transfers to the Kurdish forces is hampering the 
U.S.-led coalitions' efforts to fight the extremists and further complicating 
relations between Turkey and Washington. The countries are involved in 
negotiations about Ankara's role with the U.S. and NATO allies fighting the 
Islamic State group, which is attempting to capture the strategic town Kobani 
on the Syrian-Turkish border.

   Turkey has demanded that the coalition widen its campaign against the 
militants by providing greater aid to Syrian rebels, who are battling both the 
IS and President Bashar Assad's forces. Turkey has so far provided sanctuary to 
an estimated 200,000 Syrians fleeing Kobani, and recently agreed to train and 
equip moderate Syrian rebel fighters trying to remove Assad from power.

   The White House said President Barack Obama spoke with Erdogan on Saturday 
about the situation in Kobani and steps that could be taken to counter IS 

   "The two leaders pledged to continue to work closely together to strengthen 
cooperation against ISIL," a statement said, using another name for IS 

   Fighting between the militants and the Kurdish fighters defending Kobani 
continued on Sunday. Mortar strikes hit the town, sending plumes of smoke into 
the air. Three mortars also fell on the Turkish side of the border, landing in 
an open field where they caused no injuries. On Saturday and Sunday, IS 
appeared to be targeting the border crossing area, potentially in a bid to 
hamper Kobani's last link to the outside world.

   In an attempt to stave off the advance, a U.S.-led coalition has been 
carrying out airstrikes on IS positions in and near the town, as well as in 
other parts of Syria, particularly in the oil-rich eastern province of Deir 
el-Zour, as well as in Iraq. Several airstrikes hit Kobani on Saturday evening.

   The flow of migrants into Turkey has intensified since IS' push to take 
Kobani and cut access for Kurdish fighters to other areas of Syria they control.

   On Saturday, IS fighters also weighed in on their attempts to take Kobani, 
arguing it wasn't a fight against the Kurds.

   "We came to establish the laws of God --- not to fight the Kurds," a fighter 
in army fatigues said on a video uploaded to YouTube. The video was uploaded by 
a user who appears to be embedded with the militants in Kobani. It appeared 
genuine and reflected Associated Press reporting.

   But another fighter who appeared to be from a European country, judging from 
his accent in Arabic, described their aim "to liberate the land from the fifth 
of the apostates, the PKK and others," referring to Kurdish secular fighters 
--- who are overwhelmingly Sunni Muslim --- as apostates.

   The fighter said the U.S.-led coalition to fight the militant group was a 
sure sign of the justness of their cause.

   "As for the planes that shell us 24 hours, day and night, by God we say: 
they increase our faith, assuredness and steadfastness. We know we are on the 
right path because all the (non-believers) of the world have gathered against 

   U.N. humanitarian chief Valerie Amos, visited one of the refugee camps set 
up in a school in the Turkish border town of Suruc.

   While 900,000 people have been registered as refugees in Turkey since the 
Syrian crisis began four years ago, "the reality is that the numbers are nearer 
to 1.6 million," Amos said.

   "Of course countries have concerns about security, and about the impact on 
their economies and on essential services like health and education. But it's 
also a crisis with a huge human impact," she said. "The international community 
has to continue to do all it can to find a political solution to this crisis."


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