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Nat'l Guard Contains Ferguson Damage   11/26 06:17

   National Guard reinforcements helped contain the latest protests in 
Ferguson, preventing a second night of the chaos that led to arson and looting 
after a grand jury decided not to indict the white police officer who killed 
Michael Brown.

   FERGUSON, Mo. (AP) -- National Guard reinforcements helped contain the 
latest protests in Ferguson, preventing a second night of the chaos that led to 
arson and looting after a grand jury decided not to indict the white police 
officer who killed Michael Brown.

   Demonstrators returned Tuesday to the riot-scarred streets. But with 
hundreds of additional troops standing watch over neighborhoods and businesses, 
the protests had far less destructive power than the previous night. However, 
officers still used some tear gas and pepper spray, and demonstrators set a 
squad car on fire and broke windows at City Hall.

   As the tension in Ferguson eased somewhat, officer Darren Wilson broke his 
long public silence, insisting on national television that he could not have 
done anything differently in the confrontation with Brown.

   The toll from Monday's protests --- 12 commercial buildings burned to the 
ground, plus eight other blazes and a dozen vehicles torched --- prompted 
Missouri governor Jay Nixon to send a large contingent of extra National Guard 
troops.

   The governor ordered the initial force of 700 to be increased to 2,200 in 
hopes that their presence would help local law enforcement keep order in the 
St. Louis suburb.

   "Lives and property must be protected," Nixon said. "This community deserves 
to have peace."

   Guard units protected the Ferguson Police Department and left crowd control, 
arrests and use of tear gas to local officers. In one commercial area Wednesday 
morning, a soldier was stationed at every few storefronts, and some were on 
rooftops.

   Forty-five people were arrested, most for failure to disperse. Outside 
police headquarters, one woman was taken into custody after protesters hurled 
what appeared to be smoke bombs, flares and frozen water bottles at a line of 
officers. Several other protesters were arrested after defying police 
instructions to get out of the street or out of the way of police vehicles.

   Protesters threw rocks, tent poles, and bottles --- some containing urine 
--- at officers. As the crowd dispersed early Wednesday, some threw rocks 
through the windows of a muffler shop and a used-car dealership near a painted 
mural that read "Peace for Ferguson."

   Some streets that had been overrun the previous night were deserted, except 
for the occasional police cruiser or National Guard vehicle. Some Guard crews 
monitored empty parking lots.

   Other large demonstrations were held across the country for a second day. 
Hundreds of Seattle high school students walked out of classes, and several 
hundred people marched down a Cleveland freeway ramp to block rush-hour traffic.

   During an interview with ABC News, Wilson said he has a clean conscience 
because "I know I did my job right."

   Wilson, 28, had been with the Ferguson police force for less than three 
years before the Aug. 9 shooting. He told ABC that Brown's shooting was the 
first time he fired his gun on the job.

   Asked whether the encounter would have unfolded the same way if Brown had 
been white, Wilson said yes.

   Attorneys for the Brown family vowed to push for federal charges against 
Wilson and said the grand jury process was rigged from the start to clear 
Wilson.

   "We said from the very beginning that the decision of this grand jury was 
going to be the direct reflection of the presentation of the evidence by the 
prosecutor's office," attorney Anthony Gray said. He suggested the office of 
the county's top prosecutor, Bob McCulloch, presented some testimony to 
discredit the process, including from witnesses who did not see the shooting.

   Brown's parents made public calls for peace in the run-up to Monday's 
announcement, and on Tuesday, their representatives again stressed that the 
people setting fires were not on Michael Brown's side.

   Videos that were widely circulated on Tuesday showed Brown's mother, Lesley 
McSpadden, standing atop a car and breaking down as the announcement of the 
grand jury decision blares over the stereo.

   Her husband, Brown's stepfather, comforts her, then begins angrily yelling 
"Burn the bitch down!" to a crowd gathered around him. Asked about the comment 
at a news conference, family attorney Benjamin Crump said the reaction was, 
"raw emotion. Not appropriate at all. Completely inappropriate."

   The Brown family attorneys said they hope an ongoing federal civil rights 
investigation leads to charges. But federal investigations of police misconduct 
face a steep legal standard, requiring proof that an officer willfully violated 
a victim's civil rights.

   Testimony from Wilson that he felt threatened, and physical evidence almost 
certainly complicates any efforts to seek federal charges.

   Under federal law, "you have to prove as a prosecutor that the officer knew 
at the moment that he pulled the trigger that he was using too much force, that 
he was violating the Constitution," said Seth Rosenthal, a former Justice 
Department civil rights prosecutor.

   The Justice Department has also launched a broad probe into the Ferguson 
Police Department, looking for patterns of discrimination.

   Attorney General Eric Holder said the department aims to complete those 
investigations as quickly as possible "to restore trust, to rebuild 
understanding and to foster cooperation between law enforcement and community 
members."

   Regardless of the outcome of the federal investigations, Brown's family also 
could file a wrongful-death lawsuit against Wilson.

   Speaking in Chicago, President Barack Obama said "the frustrations that 
we've seen are not just about a particular incident. They have deep roots in 
many communities of color who have a sense that our laws are not always being 
enforced uniformly or fairly."

   Wilson's lawyers issued a statement praising the decision and saying the 
officer is grateful to his supporters.

   "Law enforcement personnel must frequently make split-second and difficult 
decisions," the lawyers wrote. Wilson "followed his training and followed the 
law."

   Scott Holtgrieve, a St. Louis County man who attended an August fundraiser 
on Wilson's behalf, always viewed with skepticism witness accounts that Wilson 
shot Brown while Brown held his hands up in a form of surrender and was on his 
knees.

   "What they were saying just didn't seem rational --- that an officer would 
shoot someone in cold blood that way at point-blank range, especially in that 
neighborhood where you know a lot of people are watching," Holtgrieve said.


(KA)


 
 
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